Here I am again with a client who stutters.   That last group I had was SOOOO successful.  Where did I put those materials though?  I’m going to share some materials here that are focused on fluency shaping techniques for clients who want to work on those. I acknowledge that this is not the approach that we would take if it was not a personal goal for our client. It feels like when I do have a client who wants to work on increasing their fluency, three things happen:

  1. I need to brush up on fluency shaping techniques and stuttering modification techniques.
  2. I need to translate and or share Spanish stuttering therapy techniques.
  3. I have to search for new strategies for quite a while because professionals rename fluency techniques to make more sense to parents and children.  This makes complete sense and we should do this.  However, trying to research which stuttering therapy techniques are successful is hard when we are all calling them different things.

So that’s what this essay is about.  Below are consolidated lists of English and Spanish stuttering therapy techniques with downloads created as pdfs for you (and me!) to run with next time a bilingual stuttering client comes your way.

Spanish stuttering therapy techniques block example

Stuttering Modification Strategies

A.k.a. = Stuttering Therapy Techniques to Use During a Stuttering Event

Modification strategies involve using stuttering therapy techniques that focus directly on the stuttering. These strategies help students to increase awareness of stuttered speech, examine and reduce physical tension, and ultimately change moments of stuttering. They help children to reduce struggle behaviors and stutter in a more relaxed way. Modification stuttering therapy techniques can also:

  • Decrease sensitivity about stuttering
  • Reduce negative reactions
  • Increase feelings of control, openness, and acceptance

Remember that the list below and the wording may only make sense to speech language pathologists.  Feel free to rename any strategy you master and share into user-friendly language.  Stuttering modification strategies are often renamed include techniques such as Catching the Stutter, Relaxing the Stutter, Slide, Easy Stuttering, and Cancellation.

What are Stuttering Modification Techniques?

CancellationsAfter stuttering, there is a pause and the word is said a second time using an “easy” stutter.
Pull-outsWhen a person begins to stutter, they are to say the rest of the word with ease.  
Preparatory set techniquesWhen the person anticipates a word to be difficult, they are encouraged to work through all sounds of the word slowly and calmly.

Fluency Shaping Techniques

A.k.a. =  Stuttering Therapy Techniques to Practice Beforehand, for When a Stuttering Event Occurs

Fluency shaping strategies include stuttering therapy techniques that alter students’:

  • Breathing
  • Speech rate
  • Voice production
  • Articulation

When children experience more fluency, they often develop greater confidence about speaking. This can decrease negative reactions and promote even more fluency. Fluency shaping techniques include strategies that are also called: Relaxed Breath, Slow Stretched Speech, Smooth Movement, Easy Voice, Light Contact, and Stretched Speech.

What are Fluency Shaping Technique?

Easy OnsetBegin speech slower with less tightness and slighter softer speech.  
StretchingSlightly stretch the beginning sound to ease speech.  
Light Contacts“Touch” the articulators together lightly and softly.  
Pausing and ChunkingGrouping words together and adding pauses in places where natural breaks occur.  
CancellationAfter stuttering, wait a few seconds and produce the word again in an easier manner.
PulloutCatch yourself in the moment of stuttering and ease yourself out of it.
Preparatory SetAnticipate what will be stuttered and begin the first sound of the word slowly, smoothly, and easily.
BouncingRepeating a word or sound in an easy way to decrease tension and become comfortable.
Full Breath TargetInhale through the mouth in a relaxed manner.
Gentle Onset TargetFull Breath target then exaggerate the initiation of the sound/words.  

Spanish Stuttering Therapy Techniques: Modification

Estrategias de modificación de la tartamudez

También conocido como = Técnicas de terapia de tartamudeo para usar durante un evento de tartamudeo

Las estrategias de modificación implican el uso de técnicas de terapia de tartamudez que se centran directamente en la tartamudez. Las técnicas de terapia de tartamudez de modificación también pueden:

  • Disminuir la sensibilidad a la tartamudez
  • Reducir las reacciones negativas
  • Incrementa los sentimientos de control, apertura y aceptación

Tratamiento y técnicas de intervención directa en tartamudez – La modificación

CancellationsLas cancelacionesDespués de tartamudear, hay una pausa y la palabra se dice por segunda vez usando un tartamudeo “fácil”.
Pull-outsLas extraccionesWhen a person begins to stutter, they are to say the rest of the word with ease.  
Preparatory set techniquesTécnicas de práctica preparatoriaCuando la persona anticipa que una palabra será difícil, concéntrese en cada sonido de la palabra lenta y calmadamente.

Spanish Stuttering Therapy Techniques: Fluency Shaping

Técnicas para moldear la fluidez

También conocido como = Técnicas de terapia de tartamudeo para practicar de antemano, para cuando ocurre un evento de tartamudeo

Las estrategias para moldear la fluidez incluyen técnicas de terapia de la tartamudez que alteran:

  • La respiración
  • El nivel de conversación
  • La producción de voz
  • La articulación

Tratamiento y técnicas de intervención directa en tartamudez – Aumentar la fluidez

Easy OnsetInicio suaveEmpiece a hablar más despacio con menos tensión y un habla más suave.
StretchingEstirarEstire ligeramente el sonido inicial para facilitar el habla.
Light ContactsContactos ligeros“Toque” los articuladores juntos con suavidad y suavidad.
Pausing and ChunkingPausar y fragmentarAgrupar palabras y agregar pausas en lugares donde ocurren rupturas naturales.
CancellationCancelaciónDespués de tartamudear, espere unos segundos y vuelva a producir la palabra de una manera más fácil.
PulloutExtraerseDetente en el momento de la tartamudez y libérate de la tartamudez.
Preparatory setPráctica preparatoriaAnticipe lo que se tartamudeará y comience el primer sonido de la palabra de manera lenta, suave y fácil.
BouncingReboteRepetir una palabra o un sonido de una manera fácil para disminuir la tensión y sentirse cómodo.
Full Breath TargetObjetivo de respiración completaInhale por la boca de manera relajada.
Gentle Onset TargetObjetivo de inicio suaveEl objetivo de respiración completa luego exagera la iniciación de los sonidos / palabras.


Here is a link for some materials on the Stuttering Foundation website: Spanish Translated Materials

If you don’t have these two yet, they are amazing downloads:

Cluttering Characteristics, and Resources

Stuttering/Disfluency Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment Options, and Resources

More reading:

Cluttering or Stuttering ?  An Evaluation Case Study

Bilingualism and Stuttering

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