I realized last night that I have never had a teacher who looked like me. With 19.5 years of education, there was not one single teacher with eyes and dark hair like mine. Did this impact my academic performance? I don’t know. Did it contribute to my narrative? Absolutely. Let’s talk about diversity in speech-language pathology.
There is a term in the world of psychology, mirroring. It means that there are those of us who had the privilege of seeing ourselves in our role models in books, movies, TV shows and everyday activities. Then, there are those of us who do not have this benefit. In other words, when a student or a client resembles the person teaching him, there are benefits (Lindsay, 2017; Wright, Gottfried, & Le, 2017). I acknowledge that I fall into the latter camp. For example, as a kid, I was a voracious reader—Little House on the Prairie, A Wrinkle in Time, Ramona. It was not until I met Claudia Kishi in The Babysitter’s Club that I finally got a glimpse of myself. She was an Asian-American teenager. Then, I saw The Joy Luck Club. Like, whoa! Imagine a movie that aligned with my own experiences as a person living in a bi-cultural world as an Asian-American.
English Language Proficiency for SLPs
So, what does this have to do with the field of speech-language pathology? First, let’s talk about our Language Diversity. Recently, ASHA released certification standards to change in 2020. I am excited to see the addition of literacy-based knowledge and skills and a focus on the people skills of our job–interprofessional education and interprofessional practice. At the end of the document, a statement read “The CFCC (Council for Clinical Certification in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology) is considering a requirement for English language proficiency. If approved, this requirement will be included when the standards are announced.” This is a complex topic that brings up many considerations for the field. One question we need to ask is, “How will this impact the diversity of speech-language pathology?”
So, this got me thinking about the importance and value of diversifying our field to support our clients and students. “Of the 185,563 individuals represented by ASHA, 11,958 (6%) indicated they met the ASHA definition of bilingual service provider. Of these, 10,930 were ASHA‐certified SLPs and 749 were ASHA certified audiologists.” (Demographic Profile of ASHA Members Providing Bilingual Services, February 2018). Six percent of SLPs consider themselves bilingual! Of course, we understand that understanding difference from disorder is clutch for every single SLP, and we can also continue to put in the effort to change the face of our field to better represent those we serve.
Now, I acknowledge that the previous two paragraphs speaks to the language diversity of our field. This is important. Equally important is racial, ethnic, sex and gender diversity of our field. This post was initially written with this in mind and heart. At this time, Multicultural constituency groups (MCCGs) are allied/related professional organizations that are independent of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Each MCCG focuses on an identified population and addresses the client/patient/professional/student perspective of that population (ASHA). MCCG groups include the L’GASP–GLBTQ Caucus, Native American Caucus, National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing (NBASLH), Hispanic Caucus, Asian Indian Caucus and Asian Pacific Islander Caucus.
3 Ways to Diversify the Field of Speech-Language Pathology
Here are easy ways to diversify the field:
- Support and mentor our SLPs who speak a native language other than English. Rather than try to weed out SLPs who are still in the process of acquiring English, let’s find ways to support them and help them grow. What can this look like? First, understand that the cultural narrative that the SLP brings to the table valuable and relevant. On several occasions, I have had parents effusively thank me for speaking their native language, “Cô Phượng, cảm ơn nhiều . Chị hiểu mình ./Ms. Phuong, thank you so much. You understand us.” This is a SuperPOWER that can yield important and meaningful outcomes for our students, clients and families.
- Support and mentor our SLPs who represent narratives of identified populations and addresses the client/patient/professional/student perspective of that population. Again, by supporting our SLPs and SLPs-to-be representing valuable populations, we are building cultural competency for the field. This will improve the quality of speech, language, and hearing services for individuals and families we support.
- Use materials that represent our caseloads. Within our Bilinguistics’ walls, we highly regard literacy-based interventions. Using and scaffolding age-appropriate books that also speak to our clients’/students’ narratives is an impactful way to show our children and families that their experiences matter. These efforts are valuable.
- Continue to talk about diversification in the field. Let’s be honest. This topic is not typically discussed in the field of speech-language pathology, and it may feel uncomfortable. In saying that, it’s important to dialogue about the merits of bringing in faces and experiences that align with our caseloads. Advocating for representation does not discount the efforts of our current service providers. Remember, we can continue to support our monolingual SLPs, and advocate for positive transformations in our field. The two considerations are not exclusive.
So, to our SLPs, I want to say, “Thank you.” Thank you for choosing our wonderful profession. Thank you for supporting our students, clients and families. Thank you for sharing your important gifts. Thank you for growing our field in valuable ways. Let us continue our work to support our diverse populations and diversification of our field. We are masters of supporting individualized strengths of our clients and students. This skill-set can surely impact our SLP-peers from all walks of life, as well.