Portuguese Speech and Language Development : Determining Difference or Disorder

Determining Differences and Disorders

Understanding Portuguese Speech and Language Development and Structure will help us know which students have a speech or language impairment and which ones have a speech or language disorder.

Portuguese FactsPortuguese Speech and Language Development

  • Number of speakers: Approximately 215 million worldwide.  The largest population of Portuguese speakers is in Brazil followed by Portugal.
  • Writing system: Latin  alphabet; written accents denote irregular stress patterns as well as vowel quality.
  • Language Family: Romance language; closest relative is Spanish
  • Official language in: Brazil, Portugal; Portuguese is also spoken in some Asian and African countries. Different dialects are spoken in each of these places.

 

Let’s compare English and Portuguese Speech and Language Development

 

Portuguese Speech and Language Development

 

Portuguese Speech and Language Development

Portuguese Developmental Norms

 


Age Group Consonants Consonant Clusters Vowels
3;0-3;5 /p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, ɲ, f, s, ʃ, v, R/ /a, ɐ, i. e. ɛ, o, ɔ, u, ē, ī, ō/
3;6-3;11 / ʃ (syllable-final position), l, ʎ/
4;0-4;5 /z, ʒ, ɾ/ /pl, kl, fl/
4;6-4;11 /ɾ (syllable-final position)/ /fɾ, vɾ, bɾ, pɾ/
5;0-5;5 /ʄ (syllable-final position)/ /kɾ, tɾ, dɾ, gɾ/

(Lousada, Mendes, Valente, & Hall , 2012)

Comparing Portuguese and English Language Structure


Feature Portuguese English Examples of Errors
Word Order Subject-Verb-Object Subject-Verb-Object No expected errors
Possessives Object+of+Person Possession marked by ‘s The car of my mom is blue*/ My mom’s car is blue.
Adjectives Noun adjective Adjective noun The ball big bounced.*/ The big ball bounced.
Present tense verb inflection

5-6 forms, determined by subject:

Eu como

Tu comes

Ele/Ela come

Nos comemos

Eles/Elas comem

2 forms:

I eat

You eat

He eats

We eat

They eat

She talk to me.* / She talks to me.
Use of subject pronouns Pro-drop language (pronoun is dropped before verb once subject is established) Pronoun or subject is always required Looks for the frog* / He looks for the frog.
Double negative Can be used; multiple negative elements occurring in the same clause do not cancel one another but instead reinforce each other Cannot be used I don’t want to do nothing*/ I don’t want to do anything.
Question Formation Rising intonation is used with word order remaining the same or a question word is used at the beginning of the question with rising intonation. Questions marked by word order inversion, question words, or addition of do

You give me a sticker?*/ Will you give me a sticker?

 

What you think?*/ What do you think?

 

We can go?* / Can we go?

Difference or Disorder Essentials PackIf you want to hone your skills with English Language Learners, take a look at our CLD Essentials Package that will be available on December 1st.  It will includes two online courses and a copy of Difference or Disorder? Understanding Speech and Language Differences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students.

More Languages!

Thanks to the great feedback we have gotten from those using the Difference or Disorder book, we’ve set out to make a second filipino tagalog speech soundsedition that will include Filipino/Tagalog, Cambodian, Urdu/Hindi, Ibo, Amharic, Portuguese, Turkish, Hmong, Albanian, Thai, Kinyarwanda, Pashto and Romanian.  If there are other languages you would like to see, please let us know.  For those not familiar with our current book, we’ve already compared and contrasted English with Spanish, Vietnamese (see post about it), Hebrew, Korean, German, Czech, Japanese, Farsi, Mandarin, French, Russian, Arabic, and the African-American English dialect.

Other Resources:

Phonological and articulation treatment approaches in Portuguese

The development of syntactic subjects in Portuguese-speaking children

Written by: Ellen Kester

15 Comments on “Portuguese Speech and Language Development : Determining Difference or Disorder”

  1. Maria Oliver November 9, 2017 at 6:09 pm #

    could you look into a Venn for the Indonesian Language .
    thank you!

    • Ellen Kester November 10, 2017 at 4:10 pm #

      Yes, I have added it to the list! Thanks

  2. Maria-Cecilia Gomez November 10, 2017 at 8:27 am #

    Excellent document, easy to use and very complete.
    Thanks!

  3. Ana November 10, 2017 at 9:42 am #

    Is there one similar to this for Polish? Thanks.

    • Ellen Kester November 10, 2017 at 4:07 pm #

      I have some information on Polish I will send you via email.

      • Cristina December 14, 2017 at 11:18 am #

        Hello, I tried looking for information on the phonology and syntactic structure of the the Polish. If you don’t mind, could you please share the information you have on Polish. Thank you.

      • Ellen Kester December 14, 2017 at 5:02 pm #

        Hi Cristina,
        I just sent some information about Polish to you. Hope it is helpful!

  4. D. Farhat November 10, 2017 at 12:35 pm #

    Great information! I would also recommend punjabi/panjabi as another language to look into for comparison.

    • Ellen Kester November 10, 2017 at 3:40 pm #

      It’s on the list!

  5. Janet Beatty November 10, 2017 at 1:58 pm #

    This is helpful; however, the examples given for present tense verb inflection in Portuguese are incorrect.

    • Ellen Kester November 10, 2017 at 3:40 pm #

      Thank you, Janet. Those were present subjunctive forms rather than present indicative. I changed them to present indicative. Thanks!

  6. Deanna November 20, 2017 at 7:49 pm #

    When is the 2nd edition expected to come out?

    • Scott Prath November 21, 2017 at 10:33 am #

      H Deanna,
      We are working on about a dozen and a half languages to add to the 13 primary languages in Volume 1 so unfortunately we can’t put a date on it yet. We will launch shorter informational articles like this one as we progress through the languages so stay tuned.

  7. Colleen Dooley December 1, 2017 at 8:47 am #

    Hi Ellen,

    Thank you for the great information! I was wondering if you had a similar diagram for Chinese?

    Thanks!
    Colleen

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