A narrative is defined as a spoken or written (including Augmentative and Alternative Communication modalities) monological telling or retelling of past events, either real or imaginary. Importantly, narratives contain causally related events told/retold in a temporal sequence acceptable to the verbal community in which it is used. Narratives are powerful tools. We live our lives and think in story format. This ability has evolved alongside human development and has facilitated the emergence and transfer of complex language. The narrative is useful, versatile, and pervasive because the human brain is skilled at detecting patterns, whether humans are aware of them or not.
Bilingual and narrative intervention researchers who capitalize on this fact will discover that the patterns of narrative, and language generally, allow for rapid transfer across contexts, modalities, and languages. In this talk, Dr. Spencer will unpack the discourse-, sentence-, and word-level patterns that are inextricably integrated within a narrative. These include the macrostructural schema made up of story grammar elements, the order and emphasis of which are culturally and linguistically derived. At the sentence level, syntactical patterns feature the use of subordinate and relative clauses and other types of elaborated noun phrases to establish complexity. The word-level patterns consist of morphological knowledge, general academic words, and domain specific concepts.
Alongside an integrated model of narrative-based academic language intervention, Dr. Spencer will present a cogent set of principles to guide the development of bilingual interventions that take advantage of shared schemas. Drawing from behavioral and cognitive sciences, Dr. Spencer will introduce the concept of manipulative frames and other mechanisms of learning that undergird the design of bilingual interventions. When narrative manipulative frames are address instead of specific content, it is possible to accelerate learning and produce generative language repertoires in multiple languages.
Participants will be able to:
• Participants will describe the science that supports the use of oral storytelling for bilingual interventions.
• Participants will define academic language and explain how their nesting is advantageous.
• Participants will explain how to teach manipulative frames to maximize generativity of learned repertoires and to facilitate cross-linguistic transfer.
5 minutes–Introductions and disclosures
15 minutes– Introduction of Narrative and Academic Language
10 minutes– Neuroscience support for oral storytelling
45 minutes- Five Instructional Design Principles
5 minutes- Closing
10 minutes- Moderated question and answer session